The first year of President Dilma Rosseff’s government was marked by the most intense
backtracking on socio-environmental issues since the end of the military dictatorship,
totally reversing the former tendency to an ever improving sustainable development
agenda that governments had been implementing since 1988 and that had its high point
when the Lula government succeeded in curbing the rate of deforestation in the Amazon.
The progress achieved over the last two decades has enabled Brazil to become the first
developing country to formalise carbon emission reduction targets and that has strongly
contributed to establishing Brazil’s position as an international leader in the socioenvironmental